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Hemorrhoids: Causes and Symptoms
Hemorrhoids (or hemroids) are also known as piles. Although they can be extremely unpleasant and painful for many people, they can be easily treated and are very preventable.
As hemorrhoids generally get worse as time goes by, health care professionals suggest they should be treated as soon as they appear.
At least four-fifths of adults in Europe and North America will experience hemorrhoids at some point in their lives. Doctors say a large number of people who go and have a checkup are found to have hemorrhoids.
The older you are the more likely you are to suffer from hemorrhoids. This does not mean, however, that young people and children do not get them. Hemorrhoids are much more common among men than women. A woman is most likely to get them when she is pregnant.
Contents of this article:
What causes hemorrhoids?
Symptoms of hemorrhoids
Treatments for hemorrhoids
What you can do on your own
How to prevent hemorrhoids
Fast facts on hemorrhoids
Here are some key facts about hemorrhoids. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
Hemorrhoids can be uncomfortable for many people, yet they are easily treated and prevented.
Hemorrhoids are more common in men than women.
A female is more likely to get hemorrhoids while pregnant.
The likelihood of suffering from hemorrhoids increases as a person ages.
Hemorrhoids occur when the veins surrounding the anus are inflamed.
Occurrence of hemorrhoids can be due to pregnancy, aging, chronic diarrhea, constipation, straining to move a stool, sitting for long periods, anal intercourse, obesity and genetics.
Bleeding occurring in the anal area, itching, discomfort, swelling may indicate hemorrhoids.
A doctor can carry out tests to confirm if you have hemorrhoids.
In most cases patients can take simple measures to alleviate symptoms while the problem heals on its own.
Sometimes medicines and surgery are needed to treat hemorrhoids.
What causes hemorrhoids?
When the veins around the anus or in the rectum are swollen or inflamed the patient has hemorrhoids. They can occur for the following reasons:
Straining to move stool (related to the previous one)
Sitting for long periods (especially sitting for long periods at a time in the toilet)
Genetics - some people inherit a tendency to develop hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids can occur both inside and above the inside of the anus. They can also appear externally, under the skin of the anus
Symptoms of hemorrhoids
Symptoms of hemorrhoids can often include:
Bleeding, usually painless. The patient may notice red on the toilet paper or in the toilet bowl
Itching or irritation in the anal area
Discomfort and pain in the anal region
Lumps protruding from the anal region
Swelling in the anal region
A lump near your anus, this can sometimes be sensitive (painful)
Feces may leak (without your wanting it to happen).
Internal hemorrhoids, which lie inside the rectum, usually have no symptoms; the patient is not aware of them as they do not generally cause any discomfort. However, straining when passing a stool may cause them to bleed. Straining can also push an internal hemorrhoid so that it protrudes through the anus this is called a protruding or prolapsed hemorrhoid and can be painful. white color garments for graduation ceremony
When a patient has external hemorrhoids they will lie under the skin around the anus. They can become very itchy and may bleed. Sometimes the blood may accumulate and form a thrombus (clot), which can be painful the area will swell and become inflamed.
When should I see my doctor?
If you experience any of the symptoms related to hemorrhoids it would be advisable to contact your doctor. Bear in mind that rectal bleeding can be caused by other things, including colorectal and anal cancers. It might be a mistake to assume that anal bleeding is simply the result of hemorrhoids and, because of this, decide not to see a doctor.
Your doctor can carry out a physical examination and perform other tests to determine whether or not you have hemorrhoids. If your hemorrhoids do not improve, even after using home remedies, you should see your doctor.
If your symptoms started with a significant alteration in bowel habits, or if your stools are very dark or even black, if there are blood clots or blood mixed in with the stools, you should see a doctor immediately so that they can determine whether your bleeding is taking place in another part of your digestive tract.
If your symptoms include large amounts of bleeding, dizziness and a sensation that you are going to faint you should immediately seek emergency care.
Hemorrhoids - four surgical classifications
First degree hemorrhoids - these bleed but do not protrude outside the anus
Second degree hemorrhoids - these protrude (prolapsed) outside the anal canal when the patient is passing a stool, and then draw back immediately
Third degree hemorrhoids - these need to be manually placed back inside the anal canal after protruding (prolapsing)
Fourth degree hemorrhoids - the protruding (prolapsing) hemorrhoids cannot be manually replaced. The tissue is thrombosed or strangulated
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